String interning is a method of storing only one copy of each distinct string value. Strings in Java are immutable and hence this sharing is perfectly safe and give you better performance. The distinct values are stored in a fixed-size hashtable usually referred to as string intern pool or string pool. The single copy of each string is called its 'intern'. You can read more about the basics of String interning with examples @ string-interning-in-java-with-examples.
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