sneha's blog

Mappings in Hibernate 5

When referencing entities from other entities, we are mapping two entities whereas when referencing a value type we are embedding (or containing) a value type within an entity.

When mapping two entities, we annotate both classes as @Entity, and the mapping type is specified using the annotations @OneToOne, @OneToMany, @ManyToOne or @ManyToMany, over the reference variable declaration of an entity in another entity.

We will consider two entities for mapping examples – a student class and a course class. [node:read-more:link]

Creating Composite Keys in Hibernate 5

A composite key is a primary key composed of multiple columns.

When you are creating a composite key, your persistent class must override the equals() and hashCode() method. This is required for for Hibernate caching to work correctly. It must also implement the Serializable interface.

Best way to do this is to create a class with all your composite key fields, mark it as @Embeddable and then annotate a field of that class type with @Id in your entity class.


public class MyCompositeID implements Serializable {

int field1;

[Example-Lab] Eager and Lazy Fetch Types in Hibernate 5

We will see a simple example to illustrate the LAZY and EAGER Fetch in Hibernate. [node:read-more:link]

Eager and Lazy Fetch Types in Hibernate 5

When you load an embeding class, it may load its embedded collections either lazily or eagerly.


Important points about eager and lazy fetch types in Hibernate

  1. By default, when you load an embedding class (E.g. User or Company) using session.get,

    • its embedded collections (E.g. AddressList or EmployeeList) is not actually retrieved from database, but only the top level fields are retrieved.

  2. The embedded collection is actually retrieved when you call the getter for that embedded collection.

[Example-Lab] Modifying the Attributes of the Embedded Class from Embedding Class in Hibernate 5

There might be situations where you would want to modify the attributes of the embedded class (eg. Address) within an embedding class (eg. User), for instance, changing the database column name for a field.

We can use @AttributeOverride annotation to override the details of a field of the embedded class and then enclose all such @AttributeOverride annotations inside @AttributeOverrides annotation. [node:read-more:link]


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