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Introduction to Web Services in Java

Web services are services exposed over a network and is designed to be used automatically by other applications without human interaction.

A practical example for web services is a news web site which also shows cricket score. The cricket score service can be provided as a web service on a different server and our news web site can automatically invoke that service without any human intervention, get the result and update it along with the news. Note that this can also be done using Ajax.

Introduction to JDBC

JDBC is an API for accessing data in relational databases such as Oracle, MySQL etc. from Java in a standard way using the SQL language. JDBC actually lets you access any tabular data sources like relational databases, spreadsheets or even flat files. You pass SQL to java methods in the JDBC classes and get back JDBC objects that represent the results of your query. JDBC is portable since Java is portable across platforms. JDBC also allow us to access an ODBC-based database using a JDBC-ODBC bridge.  

Inner Classes in Java

Inner class is a class within another class, method or block. An inner class can be one of the following four types: Anonymous, Local, Member and Nested top-level. 

Packages in Java

Packages are used in Java for organizing your class files. It is similar to folders to organize your files within your file system. You can put related class files together in one package. Java groups predefined classes into different packages like java.lang, java.util, java.io etc.

Wrapper classes, Auto-boxing and Auto-unboxing

Wrapper classes

The wrapper classes provide a mechanism to "wrap" primitive values in an object so that the primitives can be included in activities only for objects, like being added to Collections. There is a wrapper class for every primitive in Java. The wrapper class for int is Integer and the class for float is Float and so on. Wrapper classes also provide many utility functions for primitives like Integer.parseInt().


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